SAT Exam

SAT is a standardized Scholastic Assessment Test (originally called Scholastic Aptitude Test) run by the College Board.

SAT was originally adapted from an Army IQ Test and was conducted for admissions to colleges and universities for the first time in 1926, but it became a cult only after 1933, when it was announced by the President of Harvard University that SAT will be used to assess candidates’ intellectual potential for winning scholarship. Eventually by 1940s, the examination became the standard test and today is taken by almost millions of students across the world every year.

Since its inception, the test assesses how prepared the candidate is for admission into esteem colleges and universities my gauging the candidate’s key skills such as Reading Comprehension, Computational Ability, and Clarity of Expression. In fact, the SAT score also gives an idea of how competitive the candidate can be and how well they can perform when challenged by competition amongst peers from across the globe. However, you must have to appear for SAT, if you are seeking admission to any of the colleges and universities in the US (including some states such as Delaware, New Hampshire, and Michigan that accept SAT score as measure to High School Junior admissions). The world-class colleges and universities in the US require SAT scores as an eligibility criterion along with your application. As a matter of fact, your SAT score can account for almost 50% of the admission decision, so it is must that you achieve as higher the score as you can.

The standardized Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) is a daunting exam that is important for many reasons such as:
Most of the high esteemed colleges and universities in the US have emphasized high SAT scores for the test evaluates your capabilities for admission into undergraduate programs. Therefore, taking the SAT test open up many opportunities for you to take an admission in such colleges and universities.
Though there are a small number of competitive colleges that have given up SAT score as a basic requirement, but they are very small number in comparison to colleges that yet require higher SAT scores as eligibility score.
Many colleges guarantee huge scholarship money based on your high SAT scores, which certainly turn into an immense help for students who cannot afford expensive qualification in the US based colleges otherwise. So, if you wish to stand a chance of netting up a huge chunk of your college fees, you must aim at scoring higher SAT scores.
As a matter of fact, there are many Companies that seek for candidates—from entry level consulting applicants to senior level applicants—who have gained good SAT scores as it is an assessment of your analytical, language, and mathematical capabilities.

So, taking SAT Test can help you in finding your way into a US based college of your choice, get a scholarship to pay for college and thereby net up significant monies, and even land a job down the road which could be a potential break in starting your career in the best possible manner.


The SAT test is divided into three key sections—Evidence Based Reading and Writing and Math and one Optional Essay.
Subject Duration Sub Sections Questions Score Range
Reading 65 minutes Total 52 Multiple Choice Questions No Sentence Completion is required.   The section assesses your understanding of passages of around 500-750 words from the US and the world Literature, History/Social Studies, and Sciences. 200-800 (combined with Writing section)
Writing and Language 35 minutes Total 44 Multiple Choice Questions This section gauges your abilities of Expression of Ideas and Standard English Conventions.   You are given passages related to Careers, History/Social Studies, Humanities and Science and are asked related questions from extended prose (400-450 words). 200-800 (combined with Reading section)
Maths 80 minutes   Calculator Allowed section: 25 minutes.   Calculator Not Allowed section: 55 minutes. Calculator Allowed section: 30 MCQs and 8 Grid-In Questions.   Calculator Not Allowed section: 15 Multiple Choice Questions and 5 In-Grid Questions. You are required to attempt questions based on Problem-Solving and Data Analysis. There are Algebra questions and Advanced Maths questions.   200-800
Essay (Optional) 50 minutes One 50 minutes optional essay This section requires students to evaluate an argument through analysis of evidence while writing a short essay. Not scored
Total 3 hours and 50 minutes (optional for Essay section) 154 questions 1600
  You can opt for the sequence of the sections to vary, but they should be answered in the order they appear and within the time allotted to each respective section. Once the time allotted to a section gets over, you cannot go back to it and you cannot move ahead to the next section before time is called for the specific section even if you have completed all questions in the previous section. The SAT Test is 3 hours 50 minutes long, excluding breaks. Test takers are allowed two breaks -- one 10-minute and one five-minute break -- during the test.

SAT Syllabus

In this section you are required to attempt 52 Multiple Choice Questions within 65 minutes. The questions are usually related to given reading passages on either of the topics:
• US and the world Literature
• History/Social Studies
• Sciences
The section consists of 5 passages and each passage includes 10-11 questions. Though the length of vary, it may not exceed 750 words. The key purpose of this section is to gauge your understanding of the English language and see how you assimilate the written text. You are required to know the meanings of the difficult words used in the passage, the implied meaning of the given text, and the how each word impacts the whole passage.
You may perform well in this section if you are familiar with or possess higher levels of proficiency in the English language. Anyone who likes to read generally perform well in this section. You may consider that the questions in this section could be ambiguous and therefore you would have to be extra conscious in knowing why specific answer amongst the given choices of answers can be wrong.
In the Writing and Language section, you are required to attempt four passages. Each passage consists of 10-11 Multiple Choice Questions which make the total of 44 questions within the section. You are expected to spot errors or rephrase the highlighted or marked sentences. The purpose of this section is to gauge your understanding of English grammar. Precisely like you need to take the Reading section smartly, you ought to attempt each question in the Writing and Language section meticulously, more importantly because you will have less than a minute to choose a correct answer. We would advise you to go browse through the significant parts of the passage quickly and then, focus on getting into detail while attempting each question. You must have the required skills to be able to eliminate the wrong choices and choose the correct answer in the least time possible.
For example, you could focus on punctuation errors as wrong choices can be eliminated solely based on wrong punctuation. Therefore, you must have good understanding of English language punctuation rules. Or, you can focus on knowing the meaning of all types of connecting words so that you can know how two sentences are related to each other. For example, the words like ‘Therefore’, ‘Afterwards’, ‘However’, or ‘Nevertheless’ have different meanings and usage and signal different transition between the related sentences.
Within Mathematics section you are required to attempt 58 questions in total of 80 minutes. This entire section is divided into two separate sections:

Calculator Not Allowed section The first section that does not allow you to use calculator includes 15 Multiple Choice Questions and 5 In-Grid Questions. You are required to attempt all question within only 25 minutes.

Calculator Allowed section
It contains 30 MCQs and 8 Grid-In Questions and the duration of this section is 55 minutes.

Because mathematics questions require knowledge of areas such as arithmetic, geometry, algebra, statistics, and probability, you need to be analytical and have proficient understanding of mathematical formulae. We advise that you first identify which areas of interest are you the best at. The areas in which you possess proficiency, can be practiced/prepared at later stages. Because when you will focus more on the deficient areas of mathematics or follow a laser-focussed strategy then you would have enough time to turn your weaknesses into your strengths.

For this section, consistent practice is of paramount importance. You can start practicing early and maintaining a log of mistakes that you do while practicing mathematics problems to gauge which skill you lack. For example, you might be excellent at probability, but find the statistics more difficult then it will be best that you practice to read/analyse graphs before you try out algebra problems.

Also, it would be better if you also work on time-management skills, because giving more than required time to each question can turn the tables upside down. You may start the section with required enthusiasm, but eventually will stress up yourself by the time you reach the ending of the section. Following is the list of topics that you may have to practice for the Mathematics section:

• Solving linear equations and linear inequalities
• Interpreting linear functions
• Linear inequality and equation word problems
• Graphing linear equations
• Linear function word problems
• Systems of linear inequalities word problems
• Solving systems of linear equations
• Solving quadratic equations
• Interpreting nonlinear expressions
• Quadratic and exponential word problems
• Radicals and rational exponents
• Operations with rational expressions and polynomials
• Polynomial factors and graphs
• Nonlinear equation graphs
• Linear and quadratic systems
• Structure in expressions
• Isolating quantities
• Functions
• Ratios, rates, and proportions
• Percentage
• Units
• Table data
• Scatterplots
• Key features of graphs
• Linear and exponential growth
• Data inferences
• Center, spread, and shape of distributions
• Data collection and conclusions
• Volume word problems
• Right Triangle word problems
• Congruence and similarity
• Right triangle geometry
• Angles, arc lengths, and trig functions
• Circle: Equations and theorems
• Complex numbers
Though this is an optional section, the Essay section requires you to debate your opinion on the given topic. You are given an essay of around 650-700 words on any of the social topic and you will have to take a stance on the issue at hand. Consider that here the concern is to gauge your understanding of the given data or case-study and to assess how well you put your argument and not your personal opinions. So, you may fetch good marks or higher scores, if you possess efficient logical mind and language skills.


1What is the difference between SAT Subject Tests and Advanced Placement classes and exams?
SAT Subject Tests are high school-level tests, reflecting high school curricula. These tests indicate a student’s readiness to take college-level courses in specific subject areas. AP Exams, however, assess a student’s college-level knowledge, skills and abilities, learned in the corresponding AP courses. As a result, the topics covered on SAT Subject Tests may differ from those covered on AP Exams. While AP Exams are also an excellent way to demonstrate understanding in specific subject areas, not all students have an opportunity to take AP courses in a range of subjects. For students who lack access to AP and still wish to demonstrate subject knowledge, the Subject Tests offer this opportunity. Also, students who are taking an AP course in senior year may not have their AP Exam score to report to colleges in time to meet admission deadlines. In this case, they could use Subject Tests scores to show their mastery in the subject.
2Should I take SAT Subject Tests if I’ve already taken other college admission tests (e.g., SAT or ACT)?
Some colleges require or recommend SAT Subject Tests in addition to the SAT or ACT. Some also use these for course placement once you’ve arrived on campus. Depending on your performance, you may potentially fulfill basic requirements or even receive credit for introductory-level courses.
3What if I don’t know which colleges I’m going to apply to?
You should still consider taking Subject Tests in case you decide on colleges or programs that do require or recommend them. You don’t want to have to try to schedule tests at the last minute. And remember, even colleges that don’t require or recommend Subject Tests may consider them as part of your application.
4What if the colleges that I’m interested in don’t require Subject Test scores?
You may still want to take Subject Tests in the subjects that you excel in and submit those scores. Many colleges may still consider Subject Tests when reviewing your application, since they give a more complete picture of your academic background and show your readiness to focus on a specific major or program of study. Subject Tests can also help you place into the right college courses.
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